Ocular Paintball Injury with Physical Trauma and Visual Deficits
This exhibit illustrates the mechanism of an ocular paintball injury with resulting visual deficits. Normal cross sectional and lateral anatomy of the eye is depicted with a paintball rapidly approaching the face. The paintball hits the inferior edge of the right orbit and ricochets into the globe of the right eye. Sudden ocular trauma causes severe vitreous hemorrhaging, tearing and swelling of the retina, reddening of the cornea, dilation of the pupil, and a macular hole. Post-trauma visual acuity is diagnosed as 20/200 (legal blindness), with peripheral vision loss, dark floaters, and bright white spots.